with your instructor or editor and include URLs at their discretion. "Title of Resource." The Purdue OWL, Purdue U Writing Lab, Last edited date. Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation. City of publication: The seventh edition handbook required the city in which a publisher is located, but the eighth edition states that this is only necessary in particular instances, such as in a work published before 1900. Research in Youth Culture and Policy: Current Conditions and Future Directions. Since pre-1900 works were usually associated with the city in which they were published, your documentation may substitute the city name for the publishers name. In the following example, Mutant Enemy is the primary production company, and Hush was released in 1999. Note : In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc., are no longer abbreviated. Publication date The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source. Articles in journals are often assigned DOIs to ensure that the source is locatable, even if the URL changes.
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Optional elements The eighth edition is designed to be as streamlined as possible. In your citation, the elements should be listed in the following order: Author. Individual Resources Contributors' names and the last edited date can be found in the orange boxes at the top of every page on the OWL. The following is a list of select optional elements that should be part of a documented source at the writers discretion. Thank you for your support. Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in MLA. Wiley Online Library, doi:.1002/tox.20155. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date. For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. Said, imperialism is defined by the practice, the theory, and the attitudes of a dominating metropolitan center ruling a distant territory ( 9 ). Once you become familiar with the core elements that should be included in each entry in the Works Cited list, you will be able to create documentation for almost any type of source.
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