introduced by Chinese ironworkers hired by Kelly in 1854. Read More on This Topic steel: Bessemer steel, bulk steel production was made possible by Henry Bessemer in 1855, when he obtained British patents for a pneumatic steelmaking process. He also created many other inventions throughout his lifetime. "Purchasing Power of British Pounds from 1264 to Present". Shen Kuo of that era described its use in the Chinese iron and steel industry. Retrieved April 26, 2018 via. 19, 1813, Charlton, Hertfordshire, Eng. 17 The solution was first discovered by English metallurgist Robert Forester Mushet, who had carried out thousands of experiments in the Forest of Dean.
Bessemer process - Wikipedia
This drastically reduced the costs of steel production, but raw materials with the required characteristics could be difficult to find. Puddling removed carbon, which makes cast iron brittle, and produced a material that could be rolled or forged, but only in blooms, or large lumps of 100200 pounds, and that was full of slag. He did this by blasting cool air on the steel to the molten iron. The Genius of China: 3000 years of science, discovery and invention. When his metal was nearly all melted, he came to me and said hurriedly, "Where be going to put the metal, maister?" I said, "I want you to run it by a gutter into that little furnace pointing to the converter, "from which you have just. However, they subsequently rescinded their license in 1858 in return for the opportunity to invest in a partnership with Bessemer and others. After several failures, he succeeded in proving his theory and rapidly producing steel ingots. "The Composition underline or quote playes in essays of Iron and Steel Products, 18691909".