data for women, though less extensive, points in the same direction. In the interest of conciseness, the documentation and most of the discussion are omitted from this condensation. Fully committing to using these tools and executing these policies consistently and aggressively is the most straight forward and effective to making future generations tobacco-free. The 1994 Surgeon Generals Report, this Surgeon Generals report on tobacco is the second to focus solely on young people since these reports began in 1964. Furthermre smoking reduced the number of disease free life.8 years. Peto and Lopez 2001 ; Reddy. Besides reinforcing much of what was discussed in earlier reports, this report documented that girls were more affected than boys by the desire to smoke for the purpose of weight control. Until recently smoking was consider good thing, and there were many advertisements for smoking in newspaper, television, and other mass media. In all, 88 of adult smokers who smoke daily report that they started smoking by the age of 18 years (see. The ratio of the death rates of smokers to that of nonsmokers is highest need to type essay at the earlier ages (4050) represented in these studies, and declines with increasing age. All of these conclusions remain important, relevant, and accurate, as documented in the current report, but there has been considerable research since 1994 that greatly expands our knowledge about tobacco use among youth, its prevention, and the dynamics of cessation among young people.
Psychologist Hans Eysenck has developed a personality profile of smokers, and Extraversion is trait in smoker in which they tend to be impulsive, sociable and excitement seeking individuals (Eysenck, 1965). Pipe smoking appears to be causally related to lip cancer. However, there is no evidence that they have played an appreciable role in the great increase of lung cancer in man since the beginning of this century. Certain tobacco companies are now subject to regulations limiting their ability to market to young people. Each of these three lines of evidence was evaluated and then considered together in drawing conclusions. Additionally, many of the Healthy People 20 tobacco objectives address reductions of tobacco use among youth and target decreases in tobacco advertising in venues most often influencing young people. 2003, 2011 preventing tobacco sales to minors ( Stead and Lancaster 2005 school-based programs ( Thomas and Perara 2006 programs for young people to quit using tobacco ( Grimshaw and Stanton 2006 and family programs for preventing smoking by youth ( Thomas. Epidemiological studies indicate an association between cigarette smoking and peptic ulcer which is greater for gastric than for duodenal ulcer. It is past time to end this epidemic. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare usdhew 1964 nearly one in four high school seniors is a current smoker. The risk of developing lung cancer increases with duration of smoking and the number of cigarettes smoked per day, and is diminshed by discontinuing smoking. The association of smoking with other cariovascular disorders is less well established.
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