reference to probability. The lack of uniformity of the meaning of intention in the above cases was addressed in Nedrick 14 by Lord Lane CJ when he provided what is considered to be a model direction: Where the charge is murder and in the rare cases where the. This produces uncertainty in the law which is not desired. This is now the current law on intention and by following the previous decision made in Woollin has made the law more certain. This case concerned striking miners who were angry with another miner for going back to work. Also duke mba essay analysis the case of Moloney produced the same result of virtually certain but was said to be incorrect and yet in this case virtually certain is being used again. Intention and recklessness are subjective and therefore what D should have foreseen is unacceptable.
Criminal law intention essay
The current state of the law on intention was expressed by the House of Lords in the case of R v Woollin 1998. However, the case of Hyam is similar to Nedrick, but with a different outcome and has not been overruled by the House of Lords. That the existing law governing the meaning of intention should be codified" 43 ; in their findings they stated kid essay that the simple definition should be acting in order to bring a result about. The Criminal Law now states that a consequence is intended when it is the purpose of the accused. And Why have two types of recklessness? Andrew Ashworth has identified from the case of Weller 37 that the jury is allowed some moral elbow room when deliberating on a case; 38 the jury may occasionally perversely refuse to convict if the law is too far outside their common sense conception. Naturally this caused more confusion as not only has the law changed again the facts of this case were almost identical to those in Hyam yet both cases produced different results. It should be expressed in as few words as possible" 46 ; this could be seen as an advantage as one of the criticisms of the court of appeal was that the trial judge had completed the direction after an overnight adjournment and may have. When issues of morality arise the reality of judgment, blame and punishment generates the contrary pressure and insures that the quest for a value free science of law cannot succeed . As no murder case before the court is identical, the need for flexibility is required in allowing judges to decide on which points of law the jury should be directed; as identified earlier the definition of intention still lacks clarity and if the definition was. Also in the draft Offences Against the Person Bill 1998 intention is defined in similar terms.